So far the UK has negotiated trade agreements with the following countries:
- Andean countries (*1)
- CARIFORUM trade bloc
- Central America
- Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) trade bloc
- Faroe Islands
- Georgia 178
- Iceland and Norway (*2)
- Pacific states
- Palestinian Authority
- South Korea
- Southern Africa Customs Union and Mozambique (SACUM) trade bloc
(*1) After 31 December 2020, it is expected an arrangement will be in place prior to this agreement taking effect.
(*2) The UK signed a trade agreement in goods with Iceland and Norway on the 2 April 2019. This agreement was signed to maintain continuity of trade and was part of preparations for a potential ‘no deal’ Brexit. It will not enter into force. The UK’s future relationship with these countries is influenced by their relationship with the EU, as they are EEA member states. We will continue to engage with Iceland and Norway to determine the most effective way of maintaining and strengthening trade with them beyond the transition period.
The following agreements are still under discussion with countries where there are existing EU trade agreements in place. If an agreement is not reached by 31 December 2020, trade with other WTO members will take place on WTO terms.
Country or bloc Status of discussions
- Albania (Western Balkans)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina (Western Balkans)
- Cameroon (Central Africa)
- Côte d’Ivoire
- East African Community (EAC)
- Egypt Engagement ongoing
- Ghana (Western Africa)
- Mexico Engagement ongoing
- Moldova Engagement ongoing
- Montenegro (Western Balkans)
- North Macedonia (Western Balkans)
- Serbia (Western Balkans)
The UK and Japan have agreed to negotiate a new bilateral agreement using the existing EU agreement as a base, looking for opportunities to enhance areas of mutual interest.
Mutual Recognition Agreements
A mutual recognition agreement (MRA) is one in which countries recognise the results of one another’s conformity assessments.
A conformity assessment is a set of processes that confirm whether a product meets the specified legal requirements. This can include testing, inspection, and certification.
The UK has signed MRAs that replicate the effect of existing EU arrangements. These are expected to take effect from 1 January 2021. The withdrawal agreement allows for the EU’s arrangements to continue to apply to the UK until then.
The UK has signed MRAs with:
- New Zealand
- United States of America
MRA coverage in trade agreements
The UK’s trade agreement with Switzerland incorporates elements of the EU-Switzerland MRA.
The UK’s trade agreement with Israel covers conformity assessment of industrial products. This means that existing arrangements with Israel will continue after 31 December 2020.
MRA discussions with Japan
Discussions with Japan on a UK-Japan MRA are ongoing. The UK and Japan have signed an exchange of letters designed to ensure the continuity of existing arrangements as a temporary measure.