The Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment (DAWE) has introduced mandatory offshore treatment requirements targeting sea containers at risk with effect from 12th April 2021 to protect against Khapra beetle.
The Khapra beetle is recognised as a destructive pest that can reproduce rapidly in sored products under hot conditions and is considered as a significant biosecurity risk to Australia. The beetle is found throughout Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Europe.
Targeted risk containers have been listed as:
- Full Container Load (FCL)/ Full Container Consolidated (FCX) container where high-risk plant products are packed into the sea container in a Khapra beetle target risk country; implementation date 12th April 2021
- FCL/ FCX container where other goods are packed into the sea container in a Khapra beetle target risk country and destined to a rural grain growing area of Australia; mid-2021 (date TBC)
Note: ISO tanks, reefers, flat racks, LCL/ FAK and containers that will be shipped as empty containers are excluded from the measures.
- Methyl bromide fumigtion
- Heat treatment
- Insecticide spray
Note: Treatment certification conditions will be listed in BICON soon. If a phytosanitary certificate is provided, a treatment certificate issued in accordance with the above requirements is still required. Khapra beetle treatment rates are higher than the current accepted BMSB treatment rates.
The following exclusions apply:
- Goods that are thermally processed that are commercially manufactured and packaged such as restored, blanched, roasted, fried, par-boiled, boiled, puffed, malted or pasteurised goods.
- Goods that are chemically processed and preserved such as with a Formalin Propionic Acid fixative, Formalin Acetic acid alcohol, Carnoy's fixative or ethanol.
- Fresh vegetables
- Commercially manufactured frozen or freeze-dried food (perishable foodstuffs only)
- Frozen plant samples for plant research (including through the use of liquid nitrogen and freeze drying).
- Oils derived from vegetables or seed
- Preserved or pickled (such as in vinegar or alcohol)
- Goods that have been refined or extracted to obtain specific components from plant-based raw materials. Examples include starch, lecithin, protein, cellulose, sugars and pigments.
Onshore treatment will not be currently offered as a standard practice as movement of untreated containers currently poses unacceptable risk. This is because Khapra beetles could be dislodged from the container into the environment when moving the container from the port to a treatment facility.
Onshore rick mitigation options will only be considered in exceptional circumstances or when the department's in-transit policy is enacted.
Failure to comply with these requirements will result in export of the container upon arrival in Australia and additional charges will apply.