Earlier this year, the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment (DAWE) introduced mandatory offshore treatment requirements targeting sea containers at risk with effect from 12th April 2021 to protect against Khapra beetle.
Khapra Beetle Phase 6A Part 2 will now take effect for goods exported from 12th July 2021.
Additional measures will introduce mandatory offshore treatment requirements for all Full Container Load (FCL) / Full Container Consolidated (FCX) sea containers packed with all types of goods in a target risk country and unpacked in a rural grain growing area of Australia.
The Khapra beetle is recognised as a destructive pest that can reproduce rapidly in stored products under hot conditions and is considered as a significant biosecurity risk to Australia. The beetle is found throughout Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Europe (a full list of affected countries can be found here).
Targeted risk containers have been listed as:
- FCL / FCX container where high-risk plant products are packed into the sea container in a Khapra beetle target risk country; implementation date 12th April 2021
- FCL / FCX container where other goods are packed into the sea container in a Khapra beetle target risk country and destined to a rural grain growing area of Australia; implementation date 12th July 2021
Note: ISO tanks, reefers, flat racks, LCL/ FAK and containers that will be shipped as empty containers are excluded from the measures.
- Methyl bromide fumigtion
- Heat treatment
- Insecticide spray
Note: Treatment certificates for sea container treatments must meet the department’s minimum requirements, as set out in the BICON case: Khapra beetle sea container measures. If a phytosanitary certificate is provided, a treatment certificate issued in accordance with the above requirements is still required.
If not treated in accordance with the Notice, containers will be re-directed for onshore treatment.
Treatment needs to be within 21 days of export and a sealing declaration is required to prove this along with the treatment certificate.
As noted above, in some instances, a sealing declaration may be required. A sealing declaration template can be found here.
- To demonstrate that Phase 6A measures do not apply to a container.
A sealing declaration is required for certain containers to confirm the packing location. For example, sea containers that are packed in a non-Khapra beetle country (i.e. containers packed with high-risk plant products or containers destined for a rural grain growing area of Australia but:
- the port of loading country is listed as a Khapra beetle target risk country on the Bill of Lading; OR
- the supplier / exporter / consignor / shipper is listed as being from a Khapra beetle target risk country on the Bill of Lading
- To demonstrate that a container has been treated within 21 days prior to export.
The date of export is defined in the Minimum documentary and import declarations requirements policy. Under this definition, a consignment is considered to be exported either:
- when it is lodged with the freight forwarder, shipping company/airline, charter operator or an appointed agent in the country of origin, for ultimate destination in Australia
- when it is shipped on board the vessel
- when it is packed in a container and sealed in preparation for export
As an example, if the container is packed and sealed within 21 days of treatment, the container meets the treatment within 21 days of export requirement. To demonstrate that this requirement has been met, a sealing declaration is required.
Onshore treatment will not be currently offered as a standard practice as the movement of untreated containers currently poses an unacceptable risk. This is because Khapra beetle could be dislodged from the container into the environment when moving the container from the port to a treatment facility.
Onshore risk mitigation options will only be considered in exceptional circumstances or when the department’s in-transit policy is enacted.
Currently (pre-12th July), the following exclusions apply:
- Goods that are thermally processed that are commercially manufactured and packaged such as restored, blanched, roasted, fried, par-boiled, boiled, puffed, malted or pasteurised goods.
- Goods that are chemically processed and preserved such as with a Formalin Propionic Acid fixative, Formalin Acetic acid alcohol, Carnoy's fixative or ethanol.
- Fresh vegetables
- Commercially manufactured frozen or freeze-dried food (perishable foodstuffs only)
- Frozen plant samples for plant research (including through the use of liquid nitrogen and freeze drying).
- Oils derived from vegetables or seed
- Preserved or pickled (such as in vinegar or alcohol)
- Goods that have been refined or extracted to obtain specific components from plant-based raw materials. Examples include starch, lecithin, protein, cellulose, sugars and pigments.
Failure to comply with these requirements will result in export of the container upon arrival in Australia and additional charges will apply.